Review 1 Exercise 1

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It is the first language (L1) for about 400 million people. It is the native language of countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. English is the second language (L2) for over 1,400 million people. They live in countries like India, South Africa and Sudan. So, altogether, nearly 2 billion people speak English. That’s 30% of the world’s population.

They are Mandarin Chinese, Spanish, French and Arabic. There are nearly one billion speakers of Mandarin Chinese. People in 26 countries speak French. For example, French is the L1 of people in Algeria, Niger and Cameroon. People in 21 countries speak Spanish. They include Spain, Mexico and many countries in Central and South America. Arabic is the first language of 17 countries, for instance, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Iraq.

A native speaker knows about 100,000 English words at the age of 21.

People use English in 75% of emails and they use it for 80% of information on computers. Sixty per cent of scientific magazines are in English.